Hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition; the word “Hyper” means more and “Pigment” means color. Hyperpigmentation can appear brown, red, or pink spots. There are many types of hyperpigmentation like melasma, age spots, sun spots, and PIH. Our skin gets its color from melanin. When skin cells are damaged, they can overproduce melanin which then creates a brown spot or patches on the skin.
Types of Hyperpigmentation
Also known as “chloasma” or “pregnancy mask,” this is a pigment disorder that causes brown to grayish patches of pigment on the skin. It is more common in women, but some men can also be affected by it. These patches usually occur on the cheek, forehead, bridge of nose, and chin. Darker skin types are more at risk than fair skin types. Estrogen and progesterone sensitivity can be associated. Melasma is stimulated by certain triggers like hormones, sun exposure, age, inflammation, birth control pills, pregnancy, and hormone therapy. It isn’t fully clear what causes melasma but can be treated to lighten the appearance of the pigmentation. Minimizing sun exposure and wearing SPF can help reduce melasma.
PIH (Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation)
PIH is a form of hyperpigmentation that happens when the skin produces extra melanin due to damage or irritation. The skin involved turns tan, brown, or purple. It's most common in darker skin tones (Fitz 3-6) but can happen to anyone. Most common causes of PIH are acne, eczema, and impetigo. It can improve over time with certain skin care and treatments.
Age Spots, Sun Spots, and Liver Spots
Age spots, sun spots, and liver spots are all forms of hyperpigmentation caused by overactive pigment cells. They usually occur in sun-exposed areas. UV rays cause melanin production to speed up which is the natural pigment in our skin. After consistent sun exposure melanin begins to clump together which causes the pigment spot. Sun and tanning beds both can cause this. Lighter skin tones are more susceptible to these spots but all skin types can develop them. These spots are flat and appear tan to dark brown in appearance.
So, what is the best treatment for hyperpigmentation?
At Illumé Med Spa in Lee's Summit, MO, we have several effective treatment options for hyperpigmentation. Some of these treatments include:
IPL Photo Rejuvenation
If you are looking for a hyperpigmentation treatment in Lee's Summit, Missouri, schedule a complimentary consultation to learn more about your treatment options today!